Determining Liability in Parking Lot Accidents

Determining Liability in Parking Lot Accidents

While parking lots may seem relatively safe compared to public roads, car accidents in these areas are common and determining liability can be complex. As the driver, you have a duty to operate your vehicle carefully and avoid collisions. However, property owners also have a responsibility to maintain their lots in a reasonably safe condition. If you are involved in a parking lot crash, several factors will determine who is at fault, including traffic signs and markings, sight lines, lot maintenance, and the actions of the drivers. Understanding liability principles can help protect your rights if another driver hits your parked car or you collide with another vehicle in an active lot. Knowing what to do after an accident and consulting an attorney early is key.

Common Causes of Parking Lot Accidents

Accidents in parking lots are often the result of negligence or reckless behavior by drivers or pedestrians. The most frequent causes of parking lot collisions include:

  • Speeding or aggressive driving. Driving too fast for conditions or aggressively weaving in and out of parking spots. This makes it difficult for others to see or react to a vehicle in time to avoid an accident.
  • Distracted driving. Looking for a parking space or dialing a phone can divert a driver's attention from the road and surrounding vehicles.
  • Improper parking. Parking over lines, in fire lanes or handicapped spots, or at an angle that obscures visibility can lead to crashes with vehicles or pedestrians.
  • Failure to yield. Drivers who do not properly yield to oncoming traffic or pedestrians in crosswalks when entering or exiting a parking space. Failing to check side mirrors, blind spots and the path ahead before moving a vehicle.
  • Poor visibility. Large vehicles like SUVs, trucks and vans can make it hard for drivers to see smaller cars, motorcycles or people. Backing up without a clear line of sight behind the vehicle is particularly dangerous.
  • Pedestrian errors. Walking behind vehicles, darting between parked cars, or stepping into traffic without looking can lead to pedestrian accidents.

By exercising caution, following the rules of the road and being aware of surrounding vehicles and pedestrians, many parking lot accidents can be avoided. Defensive driving techniques apply not only on public roadways but also in parking lots and private property.

Factors for Determining Liability

To determine liability in a parking lot accident, several factors are considered:

  1. Ownership of the parking lot. The owner of the parking lot, whether a business, property owner or management company, typically assumes responsibility for maintaining a safe environment for vehicles and pedestrians. If poor maintenance or inadequate security contributed to the accident, the owner may share liability.
  2. Negligence of the drivers. The negligence of the drivers involved is a primary factor in determining liability. If one driver violated traffic laws or acted carelessly by speeding, failing to yield, or driving under the influence of drugs/alcohol, they would likely be found mostly liable for the accident. Comparative negligence laws determine how much liability each party bears based on the severity of their negligence.
  3. Pedestrian right of way. In parking lots, pedestrians have the right of way. Drivers must exercise caution and yield to pedestrians walking in parking aisles and lanes or crossing from/to parked vehicles. Failure to do so that results in an accident with an injury to a pedestrian will typically find the driver mainly liable.
  4. Proper signage and visibility. If poor visibility, lack of proper signs (like stop signs), or unclear markings (like faded lane lines) contributed to the accident, the owner of the parking lot may share some liability for failing to provide a safe environment.

By evaluating the details of the specific accident, including testimonies from victims and witnesses, police reports, and in some cases security footage, liability can be properly determined and attributed to the responsible parties. Fairness and justice are the goals, with the ultimate aim of providing compensation to those injured.

Gathering Evidence After a Parking Lot Collision

After an accident in a parking lot, it is important to gather evidence to determine liability. Collecting evidence promptly will provide the facts needed to assess fault and file an insurance claim.

Immediately following a collision, remain calm and check if anyone is injured. If so, call emergency services right away. Once everyone's safety has been ensured, begin gathering evidence from the scene.

Take photos of the vehicles involved from multiple angles, capturing license plate numbers, damage, and final resting positions. Get shots of the surrounding area as well, including any traffic signs or markings on the ground. Write down the location details, including address, parking space numbers, and lot section.

Obtain contact and insurance information from the other driver(s). Record their name, address, phone number, driver's license number, license plate number, and insurance details. Provide them the same information in return.

Look for witnesses and get their full contact information and accounts of what happened. Ask if they would provide a written statement. Their description of events can help determine fault.

Sketch a diagram of what occurred while the details are still fresh in your memory. Note the direction each vehicle was traveling, the speed, traffic controls, and other relevant factors.

Check if the parking lot has any security cameras that may have footage of the accident. Request a copy of the recordings to have a visual account of what took place.

Compiling this evidence provides the necessary details to file a comprehensive insurance claim and better establish liability. Be sure to report the incident to the police to have an official record, even for minor collisions. Provide copies of photos, statements, and other evidence to your insurance provider as soon as possible. With the facts in hand, fault can be determined and claims processed promptly.

Injuries Sustained in Parking Lot Crashes

Parking lot accidents can lead to a variety of injuries for victims. The most common types of injuries include:

  • Whiplash: When a vehicle is hit from behind, the abrupt jolt can cause the head and neck to snap back and forth forcefully. This can strain the muscles and tendons in the neck, resulting in whiplash. Whiplash injuries often cause pain, stiffness, and loss of range of motion in the neck.
  • Contusions and Lacerations: Victims may sustain bruises (contusions) or cuts (lacerations) from contact with vehicle parts like dashboards, steering wheels, or seats during a collision. These injuries can range from minor to severe, depending on the force of impact.
  • Fractures and Broken Bones: The blunt force trauma involved in a parking lot crash can easily lead to broken arms, legs, ribs, and other bones. Fractures typically require immobilization, like a cast or splint, and time to heal. More severe breaks may necessitate surgery to reset the broken bone.
  • Head Injuries: Head injuries are especially dangerous and should be evaluated immediately by a doctor. Concussions from the brain impacting the inside of the skull can have long-term consequences if left untreated. More severe head traumas like skull fractures, brain bleeds, and traumatic brain injuries are medical emergencies.
  • Soft Tissue Damage: Parking lot accidents can also cause damage to muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the body from rapid acceleration/deceleration and impact. Strains, sprains, and tears will require rest, physical therapy, bracing, or in some cases, surgery to repair.

The severity of injuries suffered will depend on factors like the speed of vehicles involved, points of impact, and whether proper safety restraints were utilized. Victims of parking lot crashes should always receive prompt medical evaluation and document details about the accident for insurance and potential legal claims.

Why You Need a Texas Car Accident Lawyer for Parking Lot Claims

Retaining an experienced car accident attorney is crucial if you have been involved in a parking lot collision. Parking lot accidents can be complicated to handle and determine liability, as there are many factors to consider.

An adept Texas car accident lawyer can investigate your claim thoroughly and help establish who is at fault. They can review any video footage, analyze the geometry of the parking lot, and identify any other vehicles or pedestrians involved. Your attorney will know the correct questions to ask to determine liability, such as:

*Were there any stop signs or traffic signals that were ignored?

*Was proper signage in place to direct the flow of traffic?

*Were the lane markings and parking space lines clearly visible?

*Was a vehicle backing out of a space when it should have yielded?

Once fault has been established, your legal counsel can handle negotiations with insurance companies to recover damages for your injuries, vehicle repairs, lost wages, and other expenses. They have the experience to determine the true value of your claim and will advocate on your behalf to obtain a fair settlement. If negotiations are unsuccessful, your attorney can file a lawsuit to pursue compensation through the court system.

The laws surrounding parking lot accidents can be complicated. An experienced attorney knows the Texas statutes regarding negligence, liability, and fault to build a solid case. They stay up-to-date with the latest changes in legislation and case law. Their knowledge and expertise in this area of law can make the difference in the outcome of your claim.

Retaining legal counsel for a parking lot accident is the prudent course of action. An adept car accident lawyer can determine liability, handle negotiations with insurance companies, file a lawsuit if needed, and work to recover the maximum compensation for your damages. Their guidance and support can help alleviate the stress of the situation as you focus on recovering from your injuries.


As we have explored, determining liability in parking lot accidents can be complicated, with many factors to consider. You must gather evidence, talk to witnesses, review video footage if available, and consult expert lawyers at Fletcher Law to build the strongest case possible. While the law does not always provide clear-cut answers, a reasoned argument with supporting facts gives you the best chance of establishing liability. With patience and persistence, you can work to find the party most responsible and recover damages from injuries and property loss. Approaching each unique case by gathering all relevant details will lead to the fairest outcome.