What happens in a deposition of a personal injury case?

What happens in a deposition of a personal injury case?

As a plaintiff in a personal injury lawsuit, you will likely be asked to provide a deposition. A deposition is sworn testimony taken under oath in front of a court reporter. Both parties’ attorneys will be present to ask you questions about the details of your case.

While depositions can be an uncomfortable experience, they are a normal part of the litigation process. The questions will cover the facts of your accident or injury, your injuries and treatment, and the impact on your life. Answer truthfully and to the best of your ability. Do not guess or speculate. If you do not know or do not remember something, say so.

Though the deposition is conducted in a legal setting, remain calm and composed. Do not argue or become antagonistic towards the defense attorney. Your attorney is there to object to improper questions, so focus on listening carefully and providing truthful responses. Be prepared to give the same answers in court if your case goes to trial. Discussing your case with a texas car accident lawyer is always a good idea. 

The deposition is a key step in building your personal injury case. Take it seriously, but do not feel intimidated. With preparation and by providing honest testimony, you can feel confident the facts are on your side. While not always easy, a deposition is a necessary part of seeking fair compensation through the legal system.

What Is a Deposition in a Texas Personal Injury Case?

A deposition is a formal question-and-answer session conducted under oath. In a personal injury case, the deposition allows the opposing parties to ask you questions about the details of your claim.

What to Expect During Your Deposition

During your deposition, you will be placed under oath and asked a series of questions by the other party's attorney. A court reporter will transcribe everything said. You are required to answer truthfully.

Your attorney will prepare you beforehand and may object to improper questions during the deposition. You should listen to your attorney's objections, as they are protecting your rights. However, you still must answer the questions truthfully unless instructed not to by your own attorney.

The deposition usually takes place in a conference room, not a courtroom. The atmosphere is still formal, as a transcript will be produced. Expect the deposition to last at least an hour.

You will be asked about details of the accident or incident, your injuries and symptoms, medical diagnoses and treatments, daily activities, work status, and other personal details related to your claim. Answer based on your first-hand knowledge and experiences. Do not guess or speculate. If you do not know or cannot recall something, say so.

A deposition is a standard part of the discovery process in a personal injury lawsuit. While it can feel intimidating, being prepared and answering honestly will help support your claim. Your attorney will use the deposition transcript, along with other evidence, to evaluate the details and merits of your case.

Who Will Be Present at the Deposition?

At a deposition, the key parties involved in your personal injury case will be present. ###

The defendant and their attorney(s) will attend the deposition. The defendant is the person or company alleged to have caused your injuries. Their attorney(s) will question you about the details of the incident that led to your injuries.

Your attorney will also be present at the deposition. They will object if the defendant's attorney asks improper questions. Your attorney can clarify questions for you or request breaks if needed. They will not be able to actively coach you during questioning, however. You must answer questions to the best of your ability based on your own recollection of events.

A court reporter will be present to create a written transcript of the deposition. The court reporter will swear you in before questioning begins. They will record all questions asked, answers provided, and any objections made. You must give verbal answers to all questions - nodding or shaking your head will not be recorded.

In some cases, expert witnesses involved in your case may attend the deposition. However, they typically will not ask you any questions. They are there primarily as observers.

Other parties, such as insurance company representatives, may also attend depending on the specifics of your personal injury claim. All attendees have the right to question you, though your attorney can object to improper questions.

The deposition allows both parties to gain a better understanding of the key facts in your case before trial. Your testimony will be a critical part of the discovery process, so answering questions honestly and to the best of your ability is important. Preparing with your attorney beforehand can help you feel more at ease during questioning.

What Types of Questions Will Be Asked?

During a personal injury deposition, the opposing counsel will ask you questions under oath to gather information about the details of your accident and injuries. The types of questions posed will aim to determine liability and evaluate the merits of your case.

Questions Regarding the Accident

The questioning will focus on how the accident occurred. Expect inquiries into the date, time, location of the incident, as well as events leading up to and following the accident. Be prepared to provide specifics about any vehicles, property, or equipment involved. The line of questioning may explore what you believe caused or contributed to the accident, including any unsafe conditions. Answer truthfully while avoiding speculation.

Questions About Your Injuries and Treatment

You will be asked about the nature of any injuries sustained, including pain, symptoms, and diagnosis. Be ready to discuss any emergency care received as well as follow-up treatment with physicians, therapists or other medical professionals. Questions may probe into recommended courses of treatment, medications, medical equipment needed, and any restrictions imposed by your doctors. Provide details about medical bills and expenses incurred as a result of your injuries.

Questions Regarding Your Personal Background

Finally, anticipate questions about your personal background, education, work history, and daily activities. The opposing counsel is attempting to assess the impact of your injuries on your life and career. Answer openly while avoiding irrelevant details. Discuss how the injuries have affected your ability to work or participate in routine tasks and hobbies. Be prepared for questions about any previous injuries or accidents as well, though object if they appear irrelevant to your current claim.

The key is to remain calm and composed during questioning. Listen carefully to each question and ask for clarification if needed. Respond truthfully and avoid exaggerating or speculating. Your testimony during the deposition is a crucial part of your personal injury claim.

How to Prepare for Your Deposition

To prepare for your deposition in a personal injury case, follow these guidelines:

Review Your Records

Review all records related to your case, including medical bills, correspondence with insurance companies, police reports, and photographs. Know the key details surrounding your accident and injuries inside and out. Be prepared to discuss treatments, prognoses, and how the injuries have impacted your life.

Meet With Your Attorney

Meet with your attorney to discuss the deposition process and go over potential questions. Your attorney can advise you on how to answer questions thoroughly yet concisely while avoiding speculation. They will also prep you on the opposing counsel’s likely strategy. Follow your attorney’s guidance to ensure your testimony helps, rather than harms, your case.

Dress Appropriately

Treat a deposition like a court appearance. Dress in professional, conservative attire to convey the proper level of respect for the legal proceeding. Your appearance and demeanor can influence the impression you make on the opposing counsel and insurance adjusters.

Listen Carefully and Answer Only the Question Asked

Listen carefully to each question and answer only what is asked. Do not volunteer additional information or elaborate beyond what is necessary. Answer truthfully while avoiding speculation, guesses or opinions not based on your personal knowledge.

Maintain a Professional Demeanor

A deposition aims to assess how you will present as a witness at trial. Maintain a professional demeanor at all times. Avoid displays of anger or impatience, even if the line of questioning becomes repetitive or antagonistic. Remain polite, composed and cooperative. Your demeanor can impact your credibility as a witness.

Following these steps will ensure you make a positive impression at your deposition and provide testimony to support your personal injury claim. Prepare thoroughly, follow your attorney’s guidance, and maintain a professional demeanor throughout the proceeding.

Working With a Texas Car Accident Lawyer for Your Deposition

Working with an experienced Texas personal injury lawyer for your deposition is critical. They will guide you through the process to ensure your testimony is consistent and does not unintentionally harm your case.


Meet with your attorney beforehand to review documents related to your accident and go over the facts. Discuss how the questions could be phrased and practice your responses. Be ready for questions about details you may have forgotten or do not fully remember. Your lawyer can also explain objections they may raise to improper questioning.

Honest and Direct Answers

Answer questions truthfully while avoiding speculation. Respond based only on your direct knowledge or experience. Say “I don’t know” or “I can’t recall” if needed. Do not feel pressured into guessing or estimating. Your attorney will object to questions that call for speculation.

Stay Calm and Composed

A deposition can feel intimidating, but remain courteous and in control of your emotions. Do not argue with the questioner or become visibly upset or angry. Your conduct and demeanor will be evaluated along with your testimony. Take breaks if feeling overwhelmed or confused. Confer with your lawyer off the record if needed.

Listen Carefully

Pay close attention to the questions and be sure you fully understand before answering. If anything is unclear, ask for clarification. Answer only the question asked, do not provide extra details unless requested. Be concise while providing complete responses.

Your attorney will defend your rights during the deposition. However, your conduct and testimony play a significant role in the outcome. Following these tips will help present your case in the best possible light while avoiding potential pitfalls. With the guidance of skilled counsel, you can feel assured in providing testimony to support your personal injury claim.

Fletcher Law Texas Injury Lawyers Have Experience To Help

During a deposition in a Texas personal injury case, the attorneys will question you under oath about the details of your accident and injuries. The deposition allows both parties to get a preview of the evidence and testimony that may be presented at trial.

Providing Testimony

As the plaintiff, you will provide sworn testimony about events leading up to the accident, the accident itself, and the nature and extent of your injuries. The defense attorney will question you to evaluate your credibility and look for inconsistencies or weaknesses in your case. Your attorney will prepare you beforehand and object if the defense attorney asks improper questions. It is important to listen carefully, answer truthfully, and avoid guessing.

Documents and Evidence

Any documents related to your claim like medical records, bills, photographs, or other evidence may be presented at your deposition. Be prepared to identify and discuss these materials to support your testimony.

Expert Witnesses

If expert witnesses have been retained, they may also be deposed. Their testimony regarding liability, causation, prognosis, or other issues can significantly impact your case. Your attorney will prepare the experts for their depositions as well.

While the prospect of a deposition can seem daunting, Fletcher Law’s experienced Texas personal injury attorneys will fully prepare you so you can provide confident and compelling testimony. Our lawyers are skilled at handling depositions and know how to effectively question witnesses to advance our clients’ interests. With diligent preparation and skilled representation, your deposition can be an opportunity to strengthen your claim rather than weaken it.


As you prepare for your deposition, keep in mind that the purpose is for the opposing counsel to learn the facts surrounding your case. While it can feel intimidating, stay focused on simply telling the truth. Do not argue or debate - just answer the questions honestly and to the best of your ability. Your attorney will object if a question is improper. Do not guess or speculate in your responses. The injury lawyers at Fletcher Law are here to help. 

If you follow these tips and remain calm, your deposition will proceed smoothly. Keep your eyes on the end goal of a fair settlement and remember why you pursued legal action in the first place. Though the process is not always easy, you took this important first step to seek justice and accountability. Stay strong in your resolve and keep moving forward. The truth is on your side.