Who is at fault in a Texas Failure to Signal Lane Change Accident?

Who is at fault in a Texas Failure to Signal Lane Change Accident?

As a driver, it's important you understand who may be at fault if an accident occurs from improper signaling during a lane change. While changing lanes on busy roads and highways in Texas, using your turn signal is required by law to alert other motorists of your intentions. However, some drivers neglect to signal before switching lanes, putting others in danger. If you're involved in an accident due to another driver's failure to signal a lane change, you may be wondering who is responsible. The answer depends on the details of the incident and may involve shared liability between drivers. A Texas Car Accident Lawyer can help you get started. Knowing how fault is determined in these situations can help you pursue fair compensation for any injuries or vehicle damage.

What Is a Failure to Signal Lane Change Accident in Texas?

A failure to signal lane change accident occurs when a driver changes lanes without properly signaling their intention to do so, causing a collision with another vehicle. In Texas, all drivers are required by law to use their turn signal when changing lanes or merging into traffic. Failure to do so constitutes negligence and the at-fault driver can be held liable for any resulting accident.

If you have been involved in an accident due to another driver's failure to signal a lane change, you may be entitled to compensation for your injuries and vehicle damages. The at-fault driver violated their duty to exercise reasonable care and caution by not signaling before changing lanes. Their negligence directly caused the collision and subsequent harm.

To determine liability in a failure to signal lane change accident, insurance companies and courts will consider factors like:

  • Whether the at-fault driver used their turn signal before changing lanes.
  • If the other driver had enough time to react and avoid the accident had a signal been used.
  • Traffic conditions like visibility, traffic flow, and congestion at the time of the accident.
  • The positions and movements of all vehicles involved before and at the moment of impact.
  • Witness statements from passengers or other drivers regarding the events leading up to and during the accident.

If it can be proven the other driver failed to signal before changing lanes, they will typically be found primarily at fault for the accident. You may be able to recover compensation for medical bills, lost wages, vehicle repairs, and other accident-related costs.

Texas Laws on Proper Lane Changes and Signaling

As a driver in Texas, you are required by law to signal your intention to change lanes. Failure to do so properly can result in legal liability if an accident occurs.

Texas Transportation Code Regulations

According to the Texas Transportation Code, a driver must use their turn signal to indicate a lane change for at least 100 feet before changing lanes. Not signaling a lane change is illegal and considered an unsafe driving practice.

If you are involved in an accident after failing to signal a lane change, you may be found at fault. The other driver could potentially file a claim against you to recover damages. Your insurance rates may also increase due to the accident.

Some exceptions apply, such as if signaling the lane change could not be done safely given traffic conditions at the time. However, the general rule is that failing to signal a lane change is against the law and drivers must exercise caution to avoid accidents. Using your turn signal provides important information to other motorists around you about your intended direction and helps ensure safe driving for all.

In summary, to avoid legal liability and increased insurance costs in Texas, always remember to signal properly before changing lanes. Obey traffic laws, drive defensively, and share the road responsibly. These safe driving practices benefit both you and others traveling around you.

Determining Liability in a Failure to Signal Crash

In a failure to signal lane change accident, liability is determined by several factors. The driver changing lanes typically bears primary responsibility, as they failed to signal their intent to other motorists. However, the other driver may share some liability if they were speeding or distracted.

The driver changing lanes has a duty to signal before changing lanes to alert other drivers of their intention. Failing to signal deprives other motorists of critical information needed to react and avoid a collision. As such, the lane-changing driver will usually face the majority of fault for the accident. Their negligence in failing to signal caused the crash, making them primarily liable.

However, the other driver must also exercise reasonable care. If they were exceeding the speed limit, tailgating, or distracted when the lane change occurred, they may share partial liability. While the lane-changing driver failed to signal, the other driver's reckless or inattentive driving prevented them from avoiding the crash, even with proper notice. Their contributory negligence reduces the percentage of fault assigned to the driver who failed to signal.

In some cases, liability may be split close to evenly between both parties. The lane-changing driver failed to signal, but the other driver was driving so negligently that even with a signal, a crash likely would have occurred. Be sure to talk with a lawyer for a car accident in Houston. When liability is unclear, insurance companies will investigate the details of the accident to determine fault based on the specific circumstances involved. They may consider factors like traffic conditions, visibility, and statements from both drivers to decide an equitable split of liability.

The driver who failed to signal a lane change will typically face the most fault in an accident. However, the other driver must also act reasonably to avoid sharing part of the liability. By exercising caution, motorists can prevent failure to signal crashes and avoid being found partially at fault should an accident occur.

Gathering Evidence to Prove Fault

To prove fault in a failure to signal lane change accident, gathering concrete evidence is key. ### Police Report

Obtain a copy of the official police report from the accident. The police report should document statements from all parties involved regarding who failed to signal before changing lanes. It will also include diagrams depicting how the accident occurred. Carefully review all details in the report to determine the sequence of events leading up to the collision.

Witness Statements

Talk to any witnesses at the scene of the accident and get their accounts of what happened in written statements. Witnesses can provide an impartial view of the events and may have seen which vehicle failed to signal before changing lanes. Their statements will support your claim when determining fault.

Traffic Camera Footage

Check if there are any traffic cameras monitoring the roadway where the accident took place. Traffic camera footage can clearly show which vehicle did not signal before changing lanes. Request copies of any footage of the accident from the city’s transportation department or law enforcement agency overseeing the cameras. The footage provides indisputable evidence to prove fault.

Vehicle Damage

Have a mechanic thoroughly inspect the damage to both vehicles involved in the accident. The pattern of damage can indicate the position and direction the vehicles were traveling in before impact. For example, damage confined to one side of a vehicle suggests it was struck while changing lanes. The mechanic can provide a written report on their findings regarding the damage to support your case.

By gathering evidence from multiple sources, you can build a strong case to conclusively prove fault in a failure to signal lane change accident. Collecting detailed evidence through police reports, witness statements, traffic camera footage and vehicle damage reports will substantiate your claim when determining liability. Presenting irrefutable evidence is the key to assigning fault and receiving fair compensation.

How a Texas Car Accident Lawyer Can Help

If you were involved in a car accident where another driver failed to signal before changing lanes, you may be entitled to compensation. An experienced car accident lawyer can help determine who is at fault and guide you through the legal process.

A Houston personal injury lawyer can review the details of your accident, including witness statements and police reports, to establish liability. They will analyze traffic laws and regulations to confirm whether the other driver violated the rules of the road by neglecting to use their turn signal before switching lanes. If it is evident the other motorist is at fault, your lawyer can use this evidence to build a strong case.

Your lawyer can handle communications with insurance companies on your behalf. They can negotiate with the at-fault driver's insurer to obtain a fair settlement for your injuries, vehicle damage, and other losses. If negotiations are unsuccessful, they may file a personal injury lawsuit to recover adequate compensation through the court system.

An lawyer knows how to properly value a claim and will fight to maximize the amount you receive. They can include both economic and non-economic damages in a demand letter or lawsuit, such as medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, and emotional distress. Their experience and knowledge of Texas personal injury law gives them leverage when dealing with insurance companies and in litigation.

By hiring a lawyer, you can avoid the hassle of handling paperwork and phone calls while recovering from your injuries. Your lawyer will handle the legal aspects so you can focus on getting better. They have a vested interest in achieving the best possible outcome, so you can feel confident your claim is in good hands.

If you were harmed in a car accident due to another driver's negligence in failing to signal, a lawyer can advocate for you every step of the way. They can determine fault, deal with the insurance companies involved, and pursue compensation through an out-of-court settlement or lawsuit. Their guidance and expertise significantly improves your chances of recovering damages.

Failure To Signal Lane Change Car Accident FAQ

As the driver changing lanes, you have certain responsibilities to ensure the safety of yourself and others on the road. Failure to properly signal a lane change can result in a car accident for which you may be found liable.

What is failure to signal a lane change?

Failure to signal a lane change refers to changing lanes without activating your turn signal to indicate your intention to move into the adjacent lane. This can confuse other drivers and increase the risk of a collision.

Am I required by law to signal before changing lanes?

Yes, according to Texas Transportation Code §545.104, a driver is required to signal before changing lanes. Activating your turn signal provides important information to vehicles around you regarding your intended movement. Failure to signal a lane change violates this law and constitutes negligent driving.

What if the other driver is partially at fault?

Even if the other driver's actions contributed to the accident, you may still be found partially liable for failing to signal, especially if signaling could have avoided or mitigated the collision. Texas follows modified comparative negligence rules, meaning you can recover damages if you are less than 51% at fault. However, your award will be reduced by your percentage of fault.

What damages can I recover?

If you were injured in a failure to signal a lane change accident, you may be entitled to compensation for medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, property damage, and other economic and non-economic losses. An experienced car accident attorney can help you evaluate your claim and pursue the at-fault party for maximum compensation.

By following safe driving practices like properly signaling your intended lane changes, you can avoid potential legal liability and keep the roadways safe for all. However, if an accident does occur due to another driver's failure to signal, be aware of your rights to pursue a claim for compensation.


After reviewing the regulations and case law regarding lane change accidents in Texas, it is clear signaling intent is critical for avoiding liability. As a driver, following the rules of the road and exercising caution to avoid harming others is your responsibility. While fault is not always clear cut, failing to properly signal a lane change can put you at a disadvantage in pursuing compensation for any resulting accident. Protect yourself and do your part to prevent these avoidable collisions by using your turn signal each and every time you change lanes. It only takes a second, but can make a world of difference in safety for you and your fellow drivers sharing the road. Call Fletcher Law for help.